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Turin is the city of the porticoes, that come loose more of 16 km. From that imposing and much beautiful of the center, with the flooring in grey stone (Po street ) or in marble (Roma street), to that more modest and functional of the outskirts, they constitute an unique urban architectural characteristic.
From the fact, that they offer a shelter against the rain and the sun, the porticoes invite to walk, to linger pleasantly in the dehors.
A curiosity to historical character: the porticoes on the left side of Po street doesn't introduce any interruption, this mean that they cover even the side street. It is done this for an exact well reason: to put to the shelter from the rain the members of the Royal House during the they walk from places Castello untill the Po.

The zone traditionally dedicated to the shopping is Roma street, heart and symbol of the city. Under his porticoes light up the window of the shop more exclusive of the city.
More popular, frequented above all from the youthes that do too a meeting place, it is Garibaldi street. This street is the more long pedestrian journey of Turin that connects places Castello with places Statuto. It is a steet much commercial: bookstores, perfumeries, cafè, jewelries, dress shop and windows of all the kinds succeed continually.

The tourist that arrives to Turin is immediately struck by the charms of the numerous historical refreshmentses that exist still in our city.

Restaurant cafè del Cambio in the square before to the Carignano building, center of the first Italian parliament, the restaurant cafè del Cambio comes built in the 1757. the environment of this local elegant is much refine: of great mirror, of decorations, of the stucco, of the fresco. It has among his illustrates customers the Camillo Benso count of Cavour.

Cafè San CarloPlaced under the porticoes of the superb homonym plaza, it was inaugurated in the 1822. First refreshments of Italia that it has adopteded the gaslighting. Intellectual saloon, citadel of the revil, hearth of patriotic ferment, his limbs jewels, the his statues, the his gilt decorations do the saloon of more prestigious Turin.

Confectionery cafè to the BicerinPerson born in the 1763, this refreshments offers to the plaza of the church of the Consolata an incontesle historical lue. inside the time not has changed nothing. it is here where it is serve for the first time the Bicerin (the little small glass). This drink is a wisely measured admixture of espresso coffee and warm chocolate with a milk drop, a whipped cream casting ascent and of cocoa, the all serve with of the delicious confectionery.

From the long list of the greedinesses that offers Turin is put to the attention, after the pass century, the chocolate. The cocoa has done its apparition in Europa in the course of the XVI century. In Italy, and precisely to Turin, this feeds energetic it was imported from Emanuele Filiberto of Savoia and it will give birth to an industry.

The most known produced that is it may get from the cocoa admixture and sweeten is the chocolate in forms solid ( melting ). The plain chocolate is native in Turin, he was a Turinese, Doret, that invented a car to mix and refine the pasta of cocoa. at the end of the XIX century, the Swiss Caille is brought in our city to learn the secrets of the art and started again his country he actites the production of the famous milk chocolate.

The Gianduia chocolate and the Gianduiotto

It is in Turin that it is invented the known product from the whole world as the Gianduia chocolate, that is: cocoa, filbert and sweeten. From here to the gianduiotto the footstep had brief.

the art of the confectionery
Turin, with his 400 and more laboratories is equally celebrated for its confectionery.

Prepare a list of the innumerable specialty of the Turinese confectioners would take too much time. We will limit so to quote. [bignole] , delicious pastries, fills of perfumed cream, covered of colored icing and the `gianduiotto', the typical dessert, prepared with of the filberts, of the almonds, of the cremates `gianduiotto' and studded of toasted almonds.

The vermouth
Turin it is capital of the Vermouth the invented appetizer in the 1786 from Benetto Carpano. The vermouth is constituted from white wine and a fusion of more of thirty grasses of types and of different spiceses. It may be white, sweet, red, dry and bitter. The more traditional version is The Punt and Mes that is of the bitter version of the vermouth. This riation of the classical vermouth has an enormous success, although become the specialty that has contributed of more to the fame of the house Carpano, in the world. To Carpano, they follow choir, Cinzano, Martini & Rossi, Gancia .The vermouth is exceptional thing as it is, but even lengthened with of the water. In all the cases, it to always Must be serve cool. It constitutes an essential component completely the more famous cocktails.

ts history.In the 1666 were born to Turin the duke Vittorio Amedeo II which will become the first king house Savoia. Vittorio Amedeo was a delicate and sickly boy thing that his mother consulted a doctor of great fame: Don Baldo Pecchio. This completes had a genius hit and he diagnosed to the young duke a provoked food poisoning by the bread indigestion infected by pathogenic intestinal bacteriums. Affair say that to that epoch, the bread that came called ghessa, or grissia was not surely produced in optimal hygienic conditions: it is cooked much a few and even much bad. Don Baldo that is remembered of some grissiette well cooked that his mother prepared when he was a boy and he suffered of the same intestinal illness, he ordered to the baker of the court to prepare of the bread much thin and well cooked, to the end to destroy all the introduce microorganisms in the pasta. The output was an impeccable product from the point of view of the hygiene and without bacteriums: the breadstick. From the ghessa it passes so to the ghersin ( little ghessa ) later on italianized in breadstick. The crisp breadstick will stretch and rubatà, it doesn't delay to spread and to conquer the whole world.

From always Turin is considered with Lion, Prague and London a magic city, it exist 33 magic point, that is 3, number perfect, multiplied by 11, number magic of Turin. Between the more interesting you is the Holy Shroud, the sheet that wound the Christ body, and that is finds in the chapel that has its same name; and the church the Gran Madre di Dio where it was guarded the Saint Graal, the cup that picked up the blood of Christ.

A callout tells that Turin has been founded, a lot of centuries before the arril of the romen, for account of Eridano, an Egyptian prince. Eridano was even the ancient name of the Po river. In accordance with this tradition the bull, token of the city, derives from the bee god adored by the ancient egyptians.

Turin is celebrated for the his alchemistic caves , of the secret underground hollow within the like from the Roman epoch am been behaviors of the magic experiences, as the attempts to transform the metal in pray.

The strengthened citadel
the siege of the free-Spanish army and the episode of Pietro Micca. The great pentagonal citadel to star form did of Turin one of the more modern strong space and more clear on Europa. Its point of strength was constituted from a net of about 14 gallery kilometre that served to arrive in the postings of the besieger doing the saltare with of the mines. From the 1701, the France of Lewis XIV and its ally, Spain fought in Italy against the Austrian empire. The duke De La Feuillade put the army to the citadel. The losses that stored the frenches are enormous because the underground mines produced of the catastrophic and appalling effects. Of 44000 mens that the Feuillade disposed, they don'tstay that 27000. But the frenches succeeded to penetrate in a certain number of galleries. Toward midnight 20 August, 1706, two soldiers were of watch in the superior part of the gallery. One of them is called Pietro Micca. He feel of the axe of deaf hit and of mass on the gate of iron. The time passed, the frenches doubled the they force to be successful the gate and that was the end! PietroMicca inclusive that be necessary assume control, he shouted to hisr companion to keep at a distance and, without hesitate, he baited the fuse looking for to lead to the shelter. After some gratifies the gate collapsed, but at the same time the gallery, where the frenches were penetrated sinks under the effect of the explosion. A discovery body to forty distance of footstep from the staircase of the gallery, it is all that remains from this brave Piedmontese soldier. Otto after the help army Auster-Piedmontese, to the order of prince Eugene of Savoia leads in upsetting the French-Spanish and he breaks the siege, lasted four monthes, releasing Turin! Later on to an oath that Vittorio Amedeo II of Savoia had formulated, on the eve of the battle on the hill of Superga, it was built, after a project of Filippo Jurra, the famous basilica (1715-l727).

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