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Vietnam War




Vietnam War

Chronology of the Vietnam-War


1858 Vietnam is annexed by France

1887 Vietnam and Cambodia is ruled by France



1939-1941: Viet Minh seeks for independence

1945: The Viet Minh begins a war against French occupation with attacks in the North.

(declaration of independence - French offers only a free-state freedom)

1950: The USA begins to provide military and economic aid to the French in Indochina.

1954: The French are defeated. an agreement is signed, in October the Viet Minh take formal control over North Vietnam. ( Vietnam divided into North and South )

1956: A US military advisory group replaces French training of the South Vietnamese army.

1961: The (Communist) National Liberation Front (NLF) is formed in South Vietnam. US-President Kennedy sends special forces and military advisors to South Vietnam.

1963: In November, South Vietnam's president Diem is overthrown in a military coup. Kennedy is assassinated and Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in.

1964: After an attack by North Vietnamese torpedo boats on two US destroyers, the US Congress enables the president in order to take revanche in a military way.

1965: Johnson increases US military forces. (1967 - US forces in Vietnam total 465.000.)

1969: US-President Nixon takes 25.000 US troops away from Vietnam, which called "policy of Vietnamization".

1972: In August, US ground troops leave South Vietnam. The US Airforce rests in Vietnam ( bombs on Hanoi, Haiphong, harbours of North Vietnam)

1973: A cease-fire agreement is signed in Paris ( US-troops are taken away from Vietnam officially end of war.); BUT: the fights between North-V. and South-V. continue.

1975 After the capture of Saigon South-Vietnam capitulates.

1976 Proclamation of the Social Republic of Vietnam


Consequences

 

1963 In South-Vietnam approximately 15.000 american soldiers are deployed.

1964 The publication of documents about the development of the Vietnam-War reduces the credibility of the Johnson government.

1965 Mainly the young generation starts to demonstrate against the war.

1967       The maximum of the Anti-War-Movement is reached when more than 200.000 protesters walk towards the Pentagon.




1969 About 541,000 american soldiers fight in Vietnam.

1970 In may 6 students die during a demonstration.

1965 6.3 million tons of bombs were going down on Vietnam. In the Second World War

-1971 ca. 2.1 million tons of bombs went down on Africa, Asia and Europe.

1973       The War Powers Act becomes a law, to limit the power of the president.

1973 The United States support South-Vietnam with ca. 3 billion $.

-1974 A big imigration wave starts from South-Vietnam.

1975 The western countries (except Sweden) don't help to rebuild Vietnam.

CONCLUSION: The aim to limit the spread of Communism wasn't reached

Ca. 2.5 million people lost their lifes.

The war costs more than 185 billion $.

More than 50.000 veterans admit suicide after the war.

The dimension of human sorrow and the destruction of nature, culture and industry is undefinable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 










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