GEOGRAPHY - AUSTRALIA
Australia is one of the oldest landmasses and the flattest of all
continents. The highest mountain is only 2228 meter high.
Australia is the only country occupying a whole continent. The wonderful
coastline is 36 735 km long. Australia is bounded by the Pacific Ocean in the
east, the Arafura Sea to the north, the Indian Ocean to the west and the
Southern Ocean to the south.
Australia's seasons are the opposite of the northern hemisphere - summer
starts in December, autumn in March, winter in June and spring in September.
The fact that Australia is the driest continent on earth makes it a
great all-year holiday destination.
FAUNA AND FLORA
Australia's isolation for more than 55 million years has created a
unique sanctuary of animals and plants found nowhere else in the world. For
example the hopping kangaroo, the running emu, the large wombat and the cute
koala. There are still over one-hundred marsupials in Australia.
The Tasmanian Devil, a carnivorous marsupial is a fascinating animal.,
The nocturnal Tassie Devil is now only found in the wild of Tasmania and he is
basically a scavenger.
Whales migrate from Antarctica during winter to warmer waters of
The Great Barrier Reef along the east coast off Queensland is the
longest and most complex living coral system in the world. It provides a
habitat for wide range of marine animals.
Australia resident more than 750 species of birds, 300 of which are
found nowhere else in the world.
STATES AND TERRITORIES
Australia is divided into six states - New
South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and
Tasmania - and two territories; the Australian Capital Territory and
the Northern Territory. The states and territories each have a capital
city, flag, and even their own flora and fauna emblems.
is also responsible for seven external territories: Norfolk Island, Cocos
Island, Christmas Island, Ashmore and Cartier Islands Territory, the Territory
of Heard Island, Coral Sea Islands Territory, the sub Antarctic McDonald
Islands and the Australian Antarctic Territory.
The Aboriginals are one of the world´s oldest civilisations. They lived
in isolation for thousands of years and having no written history. Aboriginal
art has primarily social and religious functions. They had also rich oral
traditions, lot of songs and dance styles.
Christianity is the predominant faith but all major religions are
Australia´s official language is English, but they also have an
I hope I could give you all a good overview about Australia.