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Political system of the USA




Political system of the USA

Three branches

Legislative

Executive



Judicial

makes laws

carries out laws

interprets laws

Congress:

  1. House of Representatives:
    435 members
    2 year term
    direct vote
  2. Senate:
    100 members
    6 year term
  • President
    Vice President
  • Cabinet:
    secretaries
  • indirect vote
  • Supreme Court:
    9 justices
    life term

Two party system:

Democrats

Republicans

want more government control

more conservative, the grand old party, want private enterprises, have more money

Mascot: donkey




Mascot: elephant

The American Constitution

The USA has a written constitution, which grants and limits the power of the Federal and State Department. The constitution expresses the liberties of the people and it establishes a federal government.

Checks and balances: Ways of making sure that one branch of government doesn't become too strong.

An addition or a change in the constitution is called an amendment.

Presidential elections

How are the presidential elections held?

In the primary elections the parties choose their candidates for the general elections.

For the general elections there is a so called 'Electoral college system', what means that the people vote the members of electoral college and this members vote the new president (= indirect vote).

Who can become president?

  • he/she must be resident of the USA for at least 14 years or a natural born American
  • he/she must be at least 35 years old
  • he/she must live by moral standard, must believe in god and must have 'normal' opinions
  • he/she must not have previous convictions

The role of the president:

The president is: the head of the state
the chief of his party
the chief executive
the chief legislator
the chief diplomat
the chief commander of the Army
the chief crisis decision maker

The president has the right to refuse to sign a bill (= veto).

If a president is found guilty in a case (i.e. for committing a crime) he/she has to leave his/her office (= impeachment).










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